Life on Land
Biodiversity and natural habitat contribute to global food and water security, climate change mitigation and adaptation, as well as peace and stability. They're a part of our shared heritage. The objective aims at encouraging sustainable exploitation of terrestrial ecosystems, management of forests sustainably to prevent biodiversity loss, halt desertification and stop land degradation.
Department of geographic ecology in BSU trains personnel capable of solving problems on the ecology of natural and production-territorial systems (landscapes), their planetary and cosmic entities, nature restoration, monitoring, etc. The Faculty of Ecology and Soil Science was established in 2011 by the decision of the Academic Council of BSU. In recent years, especially during the pandemic, the webinars, conferences and round tables organized under the direct leadership of rector Elchin Babayev on the study of biodiversity, land ecosystems, environmental protection were mainly held with the cooperation of the ecology and biology schools of BSU.
There are many subjects as Bioecology, Biodiversity and nature conservation, Environmental Protection and Restoration Techniques and ets. offer opportunity looking for wild nature of region and students of science schools have a field work time after exam session.

In Azerbaijan, the development of plants is slowed down by a variety of environmental stressors. In turn, this causes plants' productivity to decline. Cotton farming is a key component of initiatives aiming at the advancement of the agrarian sector. One of the crucial concerns is improving the resistance of cotton grown in the Republic of Azerbaijan to diseases as well as to other stressors. The Faculty of Biology and Bioengineering SRL's research focuses on phytohormone-assisted cotton development. Advances in Biology and Earth Sciences.

In this area, some progress has already been made. Studies are currently being done to determine how novel phytohormone derivatives affect the immunological resistance of various cotton genotypes.

Faculty and staff are responsible for the administration of safe work practices and procedures in their respective work areas. The cooperation of all supervisors and personnel is necessary to make laboratories and areas where chemicals are utilized safe places to learn and work. Moreover, students of BSU periodically involves to different events regard reducing plastic waste on around the campus.
BSU participates particularly on some project and has involve to discussion this kind of problems by the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources.
Most of the teachers of the botany and zoology departments of the Biology school have a good experience of field work and they are co-authors of the Red Book of Azerbaijan. Currently, work is underway on the third edition, which will be published in 2023 and the authors were trained on the correct use of IUCN categories and criteria.
Hydroponics and Aquaponics systems
Dylan Mehri, founder of Danbury Hydroponics, USA (USA), Joshua Dushchi, CEO of Aquaponics Associate, Eric Weaver, CEO of Transparent Path, Nick Nikolaev, CEO of Rooted Leaf Agritech, GlobalGAP international standards specialist Fuad Agayev is holding a series of online trainings on hydroponics and aquaponics systems for teachers and students of the Faculty of Biology of Baku State University (BSU), as well as employees of the Research, Development and Innovation Center of Excellence.
The training covers the topics "Hydroponics and aquaponics", "Food production", "Productivity and food safety". International experts provide extensive information about the structure and working mechanisms of aquaponics and hydroponics systems.
The university has a provost for administrative affairs and an adviser to the provost for financial and administrative affairs who oversee this direction, and the university also has a department that works through land use planners who determine the location and nature of development, clients, including campus builders, who determine what should be built on a site where and how it may affect local biodiversity.